80 of people who die from drowning are male. "Death After Swimming Is Extremely Rare and is NOT Dry Drowning". 50 The target of ventilation is to achieve 92 to 96 arterial saturation and adequate chest rise. During alveolar fluid exchange, diatoms present in the water may pass through the alveolar wall into the capillaries to be carried to internal organs. 43 Prevention edit Water safety edit Main article: Water safety Most drowning is preventable. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society.
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Behavioral and physical factors: 19 20 Worldwide, people with epilepsy are more likely to die due to accidents such as drowning. Neurological examination at the time of discharge from hospital does not accurately predict long term outcomes. 32 People who drown in fresh water may experience worse hypoxemia early in their treatment, however, this initial difference is short-lived and the management of both fresh water and salt water drowning is essentially the same. 3, drowning may be complicated by low body temperature, aspiration of vomit, or acute respiratory distress syndrome. Retrieved permanent dead link Gilchrist, A (2004). In particular, an asphyxiating person is seldom able to call for help. Hypotension remaining after oxygenation may be treated by rapid crystalloid infusion. "Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 19: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010".
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Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Respiratory impairment resulting from being in or under a liquid. Archived from the original on Retrieved "Children Drowning, Drowning Children" (PDF). "Drowning in fresh or salt water". There can be central nervous system damage, cardiac arhythmias, pulmonary injury, reperfusion injury, and multiple-organ secondary injury with prolonged tissue hypoxia. This is associated with metabolic acidosis, and secondary fluid and electrolyte shifts. In forensic pathology, water in the lungs indicates that the person was still alive at the point of submersion. This cardiac arrest stops the flow of blood and thus stops the transport of oxygen to the brain. 1, symptoms following rescue may include breathing problems, vomiting, confusion, or unconsciousness. Citation needed Rescue, and where necessary, resuscitation, should be started as early as possible.